Capacity development interventions for animal health workers can improve health of livestock, according to a poster developed by veterinarian Barbara Wieland at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). Wieland details a number of interventions, that if implemented, will help improve small ruminant productivity whilst increasing income and facilitating the lives of smallholders.
Productivity and profitability of meat and milk production from small ruminants are geared by reproductive performance. Females that fail to reproduce are only negatively impacting the environment. A major setback here is infertility but other reproductive-related problems are also important. A whole generation of easy-use, high resolution, portable ultrasound machines is now available to provide different levels of information which will translate into concrete management strategies.
Mange-mites are economically important ectoparasites of sheep and goats responsible for rejection or downgrading of skins in tanneries or leather industries in Ethiopia.The objective of this systematic review was to compute the pooled prevalence estimate and identify factors influencing mange-mite prevalence in sheep and goats at national level based on the available research evidence.
In 2015, ILRI scientists leading small ruminant and pig health projects in Ethiopia and Uganda took a special interest in the (human) gender dimensions of their projects. Working with the Livestock and Fish Gender Initiative, veterinarians Barbara Wieland and Michel Dione carried out further gender analysis in their projects to discover ways this could improve the design and delivery of animal health gains to the communities they work with.
In April this year, the International Fund for Agricultural Development agreed to co-finance a three year project to improve the performance of pro-poor sheep and goat value chains for enhanced livelihoods, food and nutrition security in Ethiopia. The project is led by the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) with contributions from the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) and the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR).
Genetic improvement of small ruminants has been identified as a “best bet” in Ethiopia’s highland areas. As part of the Livestock and Fish small ruminant value chain development activities in Ethiopias, community-based breeding programs established through an earlier project (located in Horro, Menz, Bonga and Abergelle) were strengthened and new ones were established in Atsbi and Doyogena.
This paper synthesises ILRI’s experience with the Crop and Goat Project (CGP) in Tanzania from a gender perspective.
The Livestock and Fish program combines a focus on value chain development in a few target countries with ‘technology’ research on animal feeding, genetics and health. In Ethiopia, this has led to support for academic research grounded in the value chain needs identified in recent years.
ICARDA recently invited livestock breeders, livestock nutritionists and socio-economists from partner research centers in Ethiopia to a consultative workshop to discuss the possibilities of modifying existing feeding strategies in sheep flocks in the context of the ongoing Community-Based Sheep Breeding Program in Ethiopia.
On 13 and 14 June, partners in the Ethiopia sheep and goats value chain development projects met to develop a strategy and implementation plan for the coming years. Barbara Rischkowsky, ICARDA value chain leader gave an update of progress so far in the value chain development program.