Aquaculture / Egypt / Fish / FISHCRP / Impact Assessment / LIVESTOCK-FISH / LIVESTOCKCRP / North Africa / Research / Systems Analysis / Targeting / WorldFish

Using the life cycle assessment approach to assess the environmental impacts of fish production in Egypt

In late 2016, the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish produced several synthesis products, including a series of briefs on ex-ante environment impact assessment work carried out between 2012 and 2016. One of the approaches used (in Egypt) was life cycle assessment (LCA). The program has produced two briefs from this experience – the first introducing LCA; the second reporting from an application of the approach in the Egyptian aquaculture value chain. Continue reading

Cattle / CIAT / Dairying / Environment / ILRI / Impact Assessment / Livestock / LIVESTOCK-FISH / LIVESTOCKCRP / Nicaragua / Research / SLS / Systems Analysis / Tanzania / Targeting / Value Chains

Using the CLEANED approach to assess the environmental impacts of livestock production

In late 2016, the CGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish produced several synthesis products, including a series of briefs on ex-ante environment impact assessment work carried out between 2012 and 2016. One of the approaches was to develop the CLEANED (Comprehensive Livestock Environmental Assessment for Improved Nutrition, a Secured Environment and Sustainable Development along Livestock and Fish Value Chains) tool to help users explore and assess the multiple environmental impacts of intensifying livestock value chains in developing countries. Continue reading

Africa / East Africa / Ethiopia / Gender / Goats / ILRI / Livestock / LIVESTOCK-FISH / LIVESTOCKCRP / PIL / Research / Sheep / Small Ruminants / Value Chains / Women

Gender-based constraints and opportunities to women’s participation in small ruminant value chains in Ethiopia

Using the Community Capitals Framework, this article explores the factors enhancing or constraining women’s access to, and control over, the resources required to participate in, and benefit from, small ruminant value chain activities. Continue reading

Animal Breeding / Fish / Genetics / ICARDA / ILRI / LiveGene / Livestock / LIVESTOCK-FISH / LIVESTOCKCRP / Research / Value Chains / WorldFish

Integrated delivery systems of improved livestock and fish genetics

The starting point for this brief is that weak public and private sector service delivery constrains translation of
genetic improvements into productivity gains for smallholder farmers in developing countries. It introduces integrated delivery systems as mechanisms to enhance farmer access and uptake of improved livestock and fish genetics. Continue reading

Animal Breeding / Genetics / ICARDA / ILRI / LiveGene / Livestock / LIVESTOCK-FISH / LIVESTOCKCRP / Research / Value Chains

Novel tools to inform animal breeding programs

The design of a livestock breeding program largely depends on adequate infrastructure—ranging from efficient collection of phenotypes, development of models, data analysis, program implementation to buy-in from the public and farmers. This key infrastructure is usually lacking in developing countries. Using novel tools that circumvent these constraints offers many opportunities to developing countries. However, this requires a range of scientific expertise not readily available, underlining the importance of collaboration between advanced universities and research institutes. Continue reading

Animal Breeding / Cattle / Dairying / Fish / Genetics / ILRI / LiveGene / Livestock / LIVESTOCK-FISH / LIVESTOCKCRP / Research / Value Chains / WorldFish

Using a value chain approach to focus animal genetic interventions

Using a value chain analysis framework, the Livestock and Fish CGIAR Research Program piloted integrated genetic interventions to catalyse the transformation of milk, meat and fish production in selected developing countries. This brief presents some outcomes and lessons from applying a value chain approach to dairy production in three East African countries of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, and fish production in Egypt. Continue reading

Animal Breeding / Fish / Genetics / ICARDA / ILRI / LiveGene / Livestock / LIVESTOCK-FISH / LIVESTOCKCRP / Research / Value Chains / WorldFish

Delivering animal breeding programs in developing countries: Some lessons from the Livestock and Fish program

Implementing sustainable livestock and fish breeding programs requires careful consideration of the species in question, their specific biological constraints, the production environment and the trait preferences of farmers, as well as a careful selection and use of innovative technology. Successful breeding programs rely on livestock keepers as co-owners of breeding programs as such programs are meant for them and they benefit from their full participation. Continue reading

AAS / Aquaculture / Asia / Bangladesh / Fish / Gender / LIVESTOCK-FISH / Research / South Asia / Value Chains / Women / WorldFish

Gender in the farmed fish value chain of Bangladesh: A review of the evidence and development approaches

This brief focuses on gender relations in fish farming and value chains in Bangladesh, i.e. the roles women and men play in diverse aquaculture production systems and other value chain nodes, their relative access to and control over resources, intra-household decision-making, and social and gender norms and attitudes. Continue reading

AAS / Aquaculture / Bangladesh / Egypt / Fish / LIVESTOCK-FISH / Middle East / North Africa / Research / South Asia / Value Chains / WorldFish

Value chain transformation: Taking stock of WorldFish research on value chains and markets

This paper documents learning across WorldFish’s value chain research efforts in Asia and Africa. It has three main objectives: (1) to take stock of WorldFish’s past and ongoing research on value chains; (2) to draw out commonalities and differences between these projects; and (3) to provide a synthesis of some learning that can guide future work. Continue reading