Implementing sustainable livestock and fish breeding programs requires careful consideration of the species in question, their specific biological constraints, the production environment and the trait preferences of farmers, as well as a careful selection and use of innovative technology. Successful breeding programs rely on livestock keepers as co-owners of breeding programs as such programs are meant for them and they benefit from their full participation.
This brief on community gender profiles across livestock production systems in Ethiopia found that differences in gender roles in livestock production are not only observed across regions, but also across farming systems. Men undertake a few tasks, while women engage in multiple activities, illustrating the complexity of their roles. Women are primarily responsible for dairy-related and small ruminant management activities across sites, particularly in the drier areas. Perceptions of gender in terms access to and control over resources were also found to vary from location to location, even among individuals of the same sex.
Crucial to preventing animal diseases is helping farmers understand how certain diseases spread. Researchers at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) have developed an information poster and leaflet about the parasitic disease coenurosis which affects sheep an goats.
A recent ILRI poster illustrates the significance of small ruminants for men and women in Ethiopia.
Capacity development interventions for animal health workers can improve health of livestock, according to a poster developed by veterinarian Barbara Wieland at the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). Wieland details a number of interventions, that if implemented, will help improve small ruminant productivity whilst increasing income and facilitating the lives of smallholders.