The International Livestock Research Institute’s projects in Vietnam are contributing to influencing policy on the pig sector and broader livestock sector policies in Vietnam in a number of ways. Below are some examples:
- Recommendations contributed to the draft ntional strategy on animal breeding development (PM’s Decree 10/2008 QD-TTg)
In the first draft of the strategy, the Department of Livestock Production (DLP) paid most attention to large scale farms and considered that as the only solution to develop the livestock sector with higher productivity and better disease control. The Center for Agricultural Policy/Institute for Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (CAP/IPSARD) together with ILRI, in the project Improving the Competitiveness of Pig Producers in an Adjusting Vietnam Market, developed a Vietnam pig sector modeling (VPM) showing that smallholder pig producers still play important roles in domestic supply of pigs in the next 10 years. Based on evidence generated by the project, such as income elasticity and market share, as well as the consumer demand and preference of products from the traditional and small-scale pig production, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development leaders paid greater attention on smallholder pig producers. The latest Decision 50/2014/QD-TTg issued by the Prime Minister on 4 September 2014 expressed government support to strengthen the efficiency of smallholder pig producers during 2015-2020.
- Contributions to the annual ‘Agricultural Outlook’ conference organized by CAP/IPSARD
Various ILRI products have been used in the annual Agricultural Outlook Conference, organized by CAP/IPSARD since 2007. The Outlook Conference gathers policy makers, researchers, international donors and representatives of agribusiness, farmers and local authorities. In the Outlook Conference, CAP/IPSARD and ILRI provided research results on the forecast of per capita demand of pork, income elasticity and consumer preference, especially in case of animal disease and their policy implications to improve efficiency and quality of the pig value chain in Vietnam.
- Improving the Competitiveness of Pig Producers in an Adjusting Vietnam Market policy brief
The policy brief provided policy guidance based on empirical evidence on the key strengths and weaknesses of Vietnam pig production, with details on two main types of production systems i.e. modern and traditional. Policy recommendations from the project results focused on three key aspects: efficient and bio-secured production system, “cluster” model for distribution and marketing system, and upgrading value chain to improve market accessibility of smallholder pig producers in Vietnam.
- Restructuring plan of the livestock sector toward 2030 (Decision No 984/QD-BNN-CN)
The CAP/IPSARD’s team contributed to the preparation of the restructuring plan of Vietnam’s livestock sector. Key findings of the updated Vietnam pig sector modeling (VPM) contributed significantly in the proposed policy in the plan, specifically the main finding on smallholder pig producers still being an important supply source in the pig sector and would receive policies (such as in food safety and pork quality issues) the policies to reduce animal feed price (e.g. increase planned area of maize, prompt to spread GMO maize species) would also help to improve efficiency of pig production of both large and small farms. Supporting policy to create the technological changes in the traditional and small-scale pig sector will also help to reduce prices, maintain market shares, and have pro-poor impacts.
Contributed by Nguyen Do Anh Tuan, vice director of IPSARD (IPSARD has partnered with ILRI on various projects).