In Central America, dairy products are an important dietary component for consumers from all social strata. The potential to increase the consumption of dairy products is high; improved value chain linkages are key drivers to increase smallholder productivity.
The aquaculture sector makes a significant contribution to income, employment creation and food security in Egypt, all of which are national priority areas given low per capita income levels, rising population, worsening food security indicators, and official unemployment levels which have remained at around 10% for the last ten years.
Uganda exhibits the highest consumption per capita of pork of any country in Africa, and is ranked 3rd on the continent in absolute number of pigs. It also appears to be experiencing the most rapid growth.
Small-scale dairy production and marketing benefits the poor in many ways, especially where increasing demand enhances those opportunities as in Tanzania. These include opportunities for intensification and enhanced productivity leading to livelihoods improvement, including through employment, besides nutrition benefits for the poor.
India faces a significant gap between the demand for and supply of milk despite milk production contributing about 18% to agricultural GDP and being—by value—the single most important agricultural commodity. About 70% of the milk is produced by small, marginal and landless farmers keeping up to 3 adult dairy animals.
Sheep are mostly kept by smallholders and the rural poor, including women headed households. They contribute substantially to the livelihoods of Ethiopian smallholder households as a source of income, food (meat and milk), and non-food products like manure, skins and wool.
Increased productivity of smallholder pig systems will have direct benefits to rural livelihoods through increased ecoefficiencies of production systems.
As a brief aside to the Agenda of Action 2nd Multi-stakeholder Platform Meeting hosted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Phuket, Thailand – Jimmy Smith, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) Director General, and Tom Randolph, CGIAR Research Program (CRP) 3.7 director hosted a consultative seminar to discuss the program …